House finches are natives of the American West, but were
introduced in New York City in the 1940's. Since that time, eastern birds
have spread throughout the eastern half of the country, while western
populations have also expanded. The House Finch, like the House
Sparrow, is well adapted to living with humans and has taken advantage of
their presence rather than suffering because of it. Today the House Finch
can be found throughout the country. Both a male (left) and female
(right) are depicted in the photos to the right.
Habitat: Primarily found in
conjunction with human presence, around residential areas, parks, and farms.
Diet: Primarily vegetable matter, primarily seeds.
Will also eat fruits and berries, buds, flowers, and occasionally insects.
Behavior: Will forage on the ground, in shrubs and
low vegetation, or higher in trees. House Finches are gregarious, and
outside of the nesting season, are often found foraging in small flocks.
Nesting: May and June
Migration: Generally a permanent resident,
although some higher-elevation populations will move downslope in winter,
and some northerly populations will migrate southward.
Conservation Status: Common and widespread, with no signs of
any population declines.
Bird Feeders: Sunflower seeds, thistle, and millet
Birdhouses: Will nest in appropriately sized
houses and boxes.
Cornell University's "All About Birds - House Finch"
eNature.com: House Finch
Photo Information: April 19th, 2003 - Our house in
Brandon, South Dakota - Terry Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or
text links below for additional, higher-resolution House Finch photos.