Little Gull is a fairly recent arrival in North America, having invaded from
Eurasia during the 1900s. The first documented breeding on the
continent occurred in 1962, and small numbers now breed around the Great
Lakes and Hudson Bay. It's unclear at this time whether Little Gull's
have become established and have self-sustaining breeding populations in
North America, or if they rely on incoming birds from Eurasia to sustain the
population. The photo on the right is of a first-summer bird.
Habitat: Found around low marshy areas in
and around inland lakes during the summer breeding season. During the
winter, most winter along the coastlines.
Diet: Primarily feeds on insects and
insect larvae in summer. Also will feed on small crustaceans and mollusks,
spiders, marine worms, and small fish.
Behavior: Often feeds while in flight, flying
slowly and dipping down to the water's surface when food is spotted.
Will also feed on land, or by wading and swimming in shallow water.
Breeding: Non-breeder in South Dakota
Song: A soft kek-kek-kek-kek.
Migration: The few in North America primarily summer around
the Great Lakes and Hudson Bay, with most migrating to the Atlantic coast in
Status: Populations in North America are still
very small, and its not clear whether there's currently a self-sustaining
breeding population on the continent, or if most of the small numbers of
birds here are migrants from Eurasia.
2) Cornell University's "All About Birds -
-- Little Gull
Photo Information: April 19th, 2006 - St. Mary's
Wetland, Northumberland, UK - Source: Wikipedia Commons