South Dakota
Birds and Birding
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White-headed Woodpecker

Picoides albolarvatus

Length: 9 inches Wingspan: 16 inches Seasonality: Non-resident in South Dakota
ID Keys: Black body, white head, white patch on wings, male has red patch on back of head

White-headed Woodpecker - Picoides albolarvatus The White-headed Woodpecker is a unique species of pine forests of the far western United States.  They are not only the only woodpecker with similar plumage, they are the only bird in North America with a white head and a black body.  They have a rather limited geographic range, as they require large pine trees with heavy crops of pine seeds, as well as dead trees, snags, and tree branches for nesting.  While overall populations currently are not threatened, habitat destruction and intensive forestry activity have impacted the species in many areas.

Habitat: Found in mountainous pine forests of the West, using a variety of pine species.  They are only rarely found in forests comprised of other conifer species.

Diet: Feeds heavily on pine seeds if available.  Also feeds on insects and spiders. 

Behavior: Much of the foraging of a White-headed Woodpecker consists of looking for pine cones and prying open the cones for the seeds inside.  They will climb along the trunks and branches of conifer trees, looking for insects.  They tend to be quieter and less obvious than many woodpeckers, as when foraging for wood-boring beetles and other insects, they pry bark away from the tree rather than actively hammering and chipping it.

Nesting: The nest of a White-headed Woodpecker is a cavity in a tree, with most nests placed in pine trees, but also sometimes in other trees.  Bot the male and female will help to excavate the nest, with a new nest hole created each year.  The female lays 3 to 6 eggs, and both parents help to incubate them.  Both parents also help to tend to the young and feed them after they hatch.

Song:  Has a long rattling, chattering call, as well as a crisp staccato pik call, typically given two or three times.

Migration: Considered non-migratory throughout its range.  There may be some short-distance elevational movements, with birds moving to lower elevations for the winter in some areas.

Similar Species: Distinctive if seen well.  They are the only bird in North America with a black body and a white head.

Conservation Status: Populations of the White-headed Woodpecker are generally stable, and the IUCN lists them as a species of "Least Concern"

Further Information: 1) BirdWeb.org - White-headed Woodpecker

2) Audubon - White-headed Woodpecker

3) eNature.com - White-headed Woodpecker

Photo Information: Photo taken by Marcel Holyoak - May 24th, 2010 - Truckee, California - Photo licensed under Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivs 2.0 Generic License

 

Click below for a higher-resolution map
White-headed Woodpecker - Range Map
South Dakota Status: Non-resident in South Dakota
 

Additional White-headed Woodpecker Photos (coming soon!!)