The Three-toed Woodpecker can often be
overlooked, as it often may cling to a tree motionless for long periods of
time. They are strongly associated with spruce forests, and are very found
of the spruce bark beetle. Until 2005, the species was considered to
be the same as the Eurasian three-toed Woodpecker (now Picoides tridactylus).
in conifer forests of the West, most often being associated with spruce.
They are also very often found in areas with dead standing trees, such as those
killed by fire or flood, as wood-boring insect infestations tend to favor these
Diet: Primarily feeds on the larvae of wood-boring beetles.
Also eats other insects, fruit, berries, and will occasionally consume sap from
sapsucker bore wells.
Behavior: Forages on conifer trees, often scaling
off the bark to gain access to insects underneath.
Nesting: June and July
Song: Usually silent, although with an occasional
Migration: Most are permanent residents, although
those in northern Canada may move southward a short distance in winter and
others may move from higher to lower elevations.
Conservation Status: Numbers generally stable, although they can fluctuate with availability of
Cornell University's "All About Birds" - Three-toed Woodpecker
Photo Information: December 13th, 2003 -- Spearfish Canyon -- Doug