of the most widespread breeders of the North American hummingbirds, they can
be found in summer from southern Alaska down through the northwestern United
States. Very aggressive, they often will dominate other hummingbirds,
and will even chase away larger birds and small rodents away from their
preferred feeding locations. Of all the western hummingbirds, the
Rufous is the one most likely to wander far to the east during migration,
and every year, a few are reported wintering in the southeastern United
around forest edges and clearing, both near the coast and in the western
mountains of the U.S. and Canada. They can be found in nearly any habitat
Diet: Feeds primarily on nectar. Also will feed on tiny
insects, and will drink sap from holes created by sapsuckers.
Breeding: Non-breeder in South Dakota
Song: A musical chip
and repeated buzzy chattering
Migration: Summers from the northwestern United States, through western Canada, and up to
southern Alaska. Winters in southern Mexico. Rufous Hummingbirds are
one western species that does occasionally wander widely, with eastern
records occurring regularly.
Feeders: Will attend hummingbird feeders for sugar
Conservation Status: Widespread and often abundant
in its normal range.
Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Rufous Hummingbird
Photo Information: September 7th, 2006 -- Red Rocks State Park near Sedona, Arizona -- Terry Sohl
Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or
text links below for additional, higher-resolution Rufous Hummingbird photos.