Ruddy Ground-Dove is a small dove species that is common in much of southern
Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America. They have been
expanding their range in northwestern Mexico, and sightings of the species
in the southwestern U.S. have been increasing in recent years, with
sightings across a number of states. Most birds seen in the United
States are found in the fall and winter.
Habitat: Found in a variety of open and semi-open
habitats, including grassland and savannah, edges of open woodland, and
suburban areas and parks. Disturbed (clear-cut) forest areas are often
quickly colonized by Ruddy Ground-Doves in their tropical range, and they
have also adopted well to cultivated areas.
Diet: Feeds on seeds and grains, and lesser
quantities of insects and spiders.
Behavior: Feeds by walking along the ground,
picking up seeds with its bill.
Nesting: The nest, a shallow structure of sticks
and grasses, is built in shrubs or trees, usually within 4 to 10 feet from
the ground, but sometimes lower in thick shrubs or higher in trees. Nests
are sometimes constructed on top of existing nests built by other species.
The females lays 2 eggs, and both parents help to incubate them. Both
parents help to feed the young after they hatch. The young usually leave the
nest after about 2 weeks. Ruddy Ground-Doves often produce more than
one brood per season.
Song: The song of a Ruddy Ground-Dove is a series
of cooing phrases.
Migration: Considered a permanent resident
throughout its range. However, there may be some dispersal of
post-breeding birds, given the number of sightings across a wide geographic
region of the southwestern United States.