Red-footed Falcon is a rather uncommon raptor of the Old World, wintering in
southern Africa, and spending the northern hemisphere summer in eastern
Europe through central Asia. They are very long-distance migrants, and
vagrants are often found in western Europe, but in August 2004, one
Red-footed Falcon was found in Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, marking
the first time the species had been spotted in the Western Hemisphere.
Habitat: On its wintering grounds in Africa, it
prefers open grassy habitats with scattered trees and shrubs. During the
northern hemisphere's summer, they are often found in semi-open habitats in
and around water sources, including open woodlands, savannahs, and
agricultural land with vegetation along fencerows.
Diet: Mostly feeds on large insects, but they will
also take small birds, small rodents, and other small vertebrates such as
lizards or snakes
Behavior: Does most of its foraging while in
flight, capturing insects or small birds in mid-air. Red-footed
Falcons are capable of hovering while foraging.
Nesting: Often uses stick nests built by other
birds, such as Rooks, Magpies, or Crows. eThey typically breed in
small colonies, but will also sometimes be found nesting alone.
Migration: Very long-distance migrant. Most
birds winter in southern Africa, their breeding grounds, while summering
birds can be found from eastern Europe through central Asia.
Amur Falcon, another Eurasian species.
Conservation Status: The IUCN currently lists the
Red-footed Falcon as "Near Threatened". Populations have declined
sharply across much of their range in Europe, while Asian populations appear
to be more stable.