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Magnificent Hummingbird

Eugenes fulgens

Length: 5.25 inches Wingspan: 7.5 inches Seasonality: Extremely rare visitor
ID Keys: Large for hummingbird, long bill, dark green upperparts, dark underparts (male), lighter underparts (female), white spot behind eye

Magnificent Hummingbird - Eugenes fulgensMagnificent Hummingbirds are one of the largest hummingbirds, dwarfing the hummingbird species that are normally found in the state. Magnificent Hummingbirds are not normally found in South Dakota, with their normal range barely crossing the U.S./Mexican border in southern Arizona.  However, individuals have been known to wander widely, and they have been found in many other U.S. states.  A male is pictured in the photo to the right.

Habitat: In normal range, Magnificent Hummingbirds are found in forested mountain settings, most often in shady canyons of deciduous or mixed-deciduous forests, or higher elevation conifer forests.

Diet: Feeds on nectar, as well as small insects and spiders.

Behavior: Feeds in typical hummingbird fashion at flowers and other nectar sources.  Will also glean insects from foliage or branches and tree trunks, and has often been seen plucking insects from spider webs.

Breeding: Non-breeder in South Dakota

Song: Has a sharp chip call given in flight.  Also has a series of varied calls given during breeding season or while chasing rivals from territory.

Migration: The mountains and mountain valleys on the Arizona/New Mexico border with Mexico represent the northern edge of the breeding range.  Most of these birds move southward in the fall, but most birds in their breeding range in Mexico and Central America are full-time residents.

Interactive eBird Map: Click here to access an interactive eBird map of Magnificent Hummingbird sightings

Similar Species: Blue-throated Hummingbird, a species not found in South Dakota, is the most similar in size and structure to the Magnificent.

Conservation Status: Populations appear to be stable.

Further Information: 1) USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter, Magnificent Hummingbird

2) Beauty of Birds - Magnificent Hummingbird

3) Audubon Guide - Magnificent Hummingbird

Photo Information: April 19th, 2014 - Near the top of Mount Lemmon, outside of Tucson, Arizona - Terry Sohl

Additional Photos: Click on the image chips or text links below for additional, higher-resolution Magnificent Hummingbird photos.

 

Click on the map below for a higher-resolution view
Magnificent Hummingbird - Eugenes fulgens - Range Map
South Dakota Status: Accidental visitor to South Dakota.

Additional Magnificent Hummingbird Photos
Click for a higher-resolution version of these photos
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